An Orange tree can reach up to 12 meters high, with elliptical and leatherly leaves and white e flowers. Evergreen foliage and never reddish. The usual shape of orange is round and the colour of its pulp is orange. The peel is orange colour characterized by a slight roughness.
The rest period of the orange is only three months, so it happens that the flourish and fruit bears at the same time. The first fruits can be harvested in November (navelina), and the last ones in May - June (valencia late). An old orange tree produces about 500 fruits in a year.
Bergamot Citrus Bergamia
A tree can reach to three and four meters high, with a crown in between. The flowers are white and fragrant. The leaves are glossy and coracious like orange and never fall even in winter. Flowers and new leaves appear as soon as the rainy season fnish in end of early March.
Its fruit is bigger than an orange but smaller and less round than a grape as it is flattened at the poles.; it has an intense yellow colour more than grape and less than lemon, the peel is smooth and thin like a grape.
Calamondin is a very interesting plant from ornamental value. It is used a lot as houseplant, since it can adapt well with particularly dry environtments. It grows well in pot and can live inside our homes in whole cold season, then to be moved outside in the middle of spring.
The cedar (Citrus medica) tree is belong to the genus Citrus family Rutaceae. It is one of the three original citrus fruits from all other citrus types that known today, together with pomelo and mandarin. The name cedar, derived from the vulgarization of the Latin term citrus. However, it is ambiguous because coincidence with the translation of cedrus, the name given to the conifer (the famous cedars of Lebanon that supplied wood for many boats in the ancient period); this is why in some texts for citrus the term citro is also used.
The foliage are small, coriaceous, and similar to common myrtle. Unique among citrus fruits, chinotto has not thorns. The blossoms are small and white, very pleasant to see. The plant is suitable for cultivation in pots as ornamental plant.
The ripen fruits are orange with sour and bitterish flavour. It seems that the chinotto fruit has record that it can remain on the branch up to two years. Usually the fruits ripen by the middle of June. The plant fears cold temperature.
Finger LimeCitrus Australasica
Citrus Australasica originally is from Australia, commonly known as lemon caviar or Finger Lime because of the vesicles present in the fruit that is similar to caviar. The fresh globular vesicles have the effect of burst effervescent tangy flavour as they are chewed. Also the other citrus fruits (mandarins, lemons) have such vesicles, but the characteristic of this fruit is that they are not subdivided and compressed in the segments, besides being roundish.
It is a thorny understorey shrub with small edible fruits which are under development as commercial crops.
Clementine tree is similar to Mandarin, it slightly different that the leaves are larger and wider. The flowering and fruiting are slowly and irregularly, as it is depending to temperature changes.
The fruit similar to Mandarin: the main differences are the color of the pulp, much more orange. Moreover it is never flattened like mandarins, but always well round. The taste is more similar to orange, with a perfect balance between sour and sweet.
The combava (scientific name Citrus hystrix DC.) is a citrus of the genus Citrus, whose origin has not yet been determined.
Some experts consider it as a hybrid between cedar and lime, other opinion that it is a spontaneous mutation of lime.
Its Latin denomination highlights incredible amount of thorns that the plant having, since hystrix means porcupine.
Kumquat (Chinese Mandarin) is a citrus fruit which is belonging to the Rutaceae family. The real botanical name is Fortunella (from the English scholar, Fortune, who introduced it for the first time in Europe, in 1848) and is mostly original to central China and secondari to Malaysia. This shrub can reach 3-4 meters of height.
It forms compact, slow-growing, densely branched shrubs, which sometimes have small thorn on the branches
Lime Citrus aurantifolia
The lime, fruit known in Italian as "limetta", belongs to the rutaceae family. The scientific name is citrus aurantifolia. This citrus seems to be the crossing result between cedar and lemon. In fact it has many properties of lemon.
The lime plant reaches a maximum of 4-5 meters in height. It grows exclusively in the tropical zones and its fruits are almost spherical, green or yellow. It usually produces fruit throughout the year. It is picked between June and September, when the peel is still green.
Red Lime of RangpurCitrus Limonia
Rangpur Lime (Citrus Limonia) is a tree with slightly bushy. The plant possesses fruits similar to lemons, orange colour with particular smell and taste.
The fruit is nothing more than a red lemon, a little smaller than a normal lemon.
The peel becomes red from the first ripening, the pulp, with some seeds, sour with a fresh flavor.
The lemon (Citrus limon) is a fruit tree which is belonging to the Rutaceae family.
The common name lemon can refer both the plant and its fruit.
According to the genetic studies, the lemon is a hybrid between bitter orange and cedar.
The fruit is yellow outside and almost colourless inside, spherical up to oval shape, often with a bump at the apex and pointed at the other end. The peel can be very rough to very smooth
Limone MeyerCitrus limon
It is probably a natural hybrid between lemon (Citrus limon) and sweet orange (Citrus sinensis). It blooms incessantly and especially after the prunings. It recreates in a short time a compact crown with very scented violet white flowers. The fruits are similar to lemon, but less sour and very rich of juice. It is much appreciated for its resistance to low temperatures and its ornamental value.
Red LemonCitrus Limon
Red Lemon (Citrus limonimedica pigmentata) is a fruit tree with high ornamental value. In winter the fruits turn to red or bright orange, wrinkled peel and elongated shape, very decorative.
The plant has oval, glossy intense green color leaves and scented white flowers in spring and summer.
In winter keep the plant away from frost, put in bright place with constant temperatures and watering it with moderation.
Mandarin (Citrus reticulata) is a fruit tree belonging to the Rutaceae family. It is one of the three original citrus fruits of the genus Citrus together with cedar and pomelo. Mandarin has certainly acquired historical importance, as it is the only one who has sweet fruit among the three original (cedar, pomelo and mandarin). Almost all the citrus fruits that we know today (e.g. lemon, lime, oranges) have developed by crossing with Mandarin.
Hands of BuddhaCitrus Medica var. sarcodactylus
Typical shape of the fruit originates in the early phase division of its segments, where each segment tends to develop not homogeneously with others, but as a unit in its own right. The result is a not spherical shape of the fruit, but jagged and divided into various growths. On the basis of this form, which resembles a human hand, people in oriental have attributed the name with commonly known hands of Buddha
The grapefruit (Citrus paradisi) is a fruit tree belonging to the genus Citrus, and to the family of citris. The common name grape fruit can refer to both the fruit and its tree. It is an ancient hybrid, probably between the sweet orange and the pomelo, but for centuries it has been an autonomous species which multiplied by cutting and by grafting. The fruit is yellow, with a globose appearance and a diameter of 10-15 cm and is composed of colourless segments.
YuzuCitrus Ichangensis x Citrus Reticulata
The plant of Yuzu (Citrus ichangensis) is a fruit tree from East Asia, produces fruits similar to mandarins, orange colour, very aromatic and sour taste similar to grapefruit, but with hints of Mandarin. It loves the acidic soil, with a good quantity of peat, well drained and rich of humus. Drainage is very important: any stagnation of water can cause root roten that cause the plant to die.